|Since its introduction, the attention-based Transformer architecture has become the de facto standard for building models with state-of-the-art performance on many Natural Language Processing tasks. However, it seems that the success of these models might have to do with their exploitation of dataset artifacts, rendering them unable to generalize to other data and vulnerable to adversarial attacks. On the other hand, the attention mechanism present in all models based on the Transformer, such as BERT-based ones, has been seen by many as a potential way to explain these deep learning models: by visualizing attention weights, it might be possible to gain insights on the reasons behind these opaque models' decisions.
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