23rd EANN / EAAAI 2022, 17 - 20 June 2022, Greece

A Blockchained Secure and Integrity-Preserved Architecture for Military Logistics Operations

Konstantinos Demertzis, Panagiotis Kikiras, Lazaros Iliadis


  The employment of 5G Internet of Things (5G-IoT), smart automation, and AI analytics can provide improved military logistics, by enhancing inventory control, reordering, accuracy, flexibility mobility, and real-time monitoring, from the factory and warehouses to the battlefield. On the other hand, there are inherent risks that include cybersecurity issues, such as authentication, integrity, privacy, and confidentiality of the communicated data. Moreover, there are concerns relevant to prioritization, scalability, resilience, and continuous availability of the military supply chain operations. This paper introduces the development of a holistic blockchain integrity-focused scalable architecture, based on two main principles: the data is not stored in a central point and therefore make it vulnerable to attack and sensitive data is not transmitted through open communication channels. Fully homomorphic encryption is used to perform calculations and analysis. Remote independent observers who are eligible to have information access or to search for specific content with visual output, cannot determine the source of the information. The proposed architecture is based on the Hyperledger Fabric Project which provides the foundation for developing modular applications or solutions, allowing plug-and-play components, such as consensus and membership services. Its modular and versatile design satisfies a broad range of military operations. Besides, it offers a unique consensus approach that enables scalable performance, while preserving integrity and security. The significance of the proposed architecture is highlighted, by demonstrating its employment in the ammunition supply chain (from production to remote mobile ammunition consumers). Finally, the paper discusses the utilization of the architecture to other domains of military operations, beyond logistics such as C2 systems.  

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